BRENDAN MCLEOD - ATTORNEY AT LAW
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This is an unofficial posting of the Kentucky Revised Statutes.  No guarantee they are current.  
Kentucky DUI, Driving Under the Influence, Driving While Intoxicated, Wet Reckless, Driving on Suspended License, Criminal Defense: Louisville, Kentucky - Located in Old Louisville one mile from downtown Louisville and the Hall of Justice.  
Kentucky Revised Statutes:  189A.005 DEFINITIONS FOR CHAPTER; LICENSE SUSPENSIONS

As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise:

(1) "Alcohol concentration" means either grams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood or grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath; 

(2) "Ignition interlock device" means a device that connects a motor vehicle ignition system or motorcycle ignition system to a breath alcohol analyzer and prevents a motor vehicle ignition or motorcycle ignition from starting, and  from continuing to operate, if a driver's breath alcohol concentration exceeds 0.02, as measured by the device; 

(3) "License" means any driver's or operator's license or any other license or permit to operate a motor vehicle issued under or granted by the laws of this state including: 

  (a) Any temporary license or instruction permit;  (b) The privilege of any person to obtain a valid license or instruction permit, or to drive a motor vehicle whether or not the person holds a valid license; and  (c) Any nonresident's operating privilege as defined in KRS Chapter 186 or 189; 

(4) "Limited access highway" has the same meaning as "limited access facility" does in KRS 177.220;

(5) "Refusal" means declining to submit to any test or tests pursuant to KRS  189A.103. Declining may be either by word or by the act of refusal. If the breath testing instrument for any reason shows an insufficient breath sample and the alcohol concentration cannot be measured by the breath testing instrument, the law enforcement officer shall then request the defendant to take a blood or urine test in lieu of the breath test. If the defendant then declines either by word or by the act of refusal, he shall then be deemed to have refused if the refusal occurs at the site at which any alcohol concentration or substance test is to be administered; 

(6) When age is a factor, it shall mean age at the time of the commission of the offense; and 

(7) Unless otherwise provided, license suspensions under this chapter shall be imposed by the court. The court shall impose the applicable period of license suspension enumerated by this chapter and shall include in its order or judgment the length and terms of any suspension imposed. The license suspension shall be deemed effective on the date of entry of the court's order or judgment. The role of the Transportation Cabinet shall be limited to administering the suspension period under the terms and for the duration enumerated by the court in its order or judgment.

 

Kentucky Revised Statutes:  189A.010 OPERATING MOTOR VEHICLE WITH ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION OF OR ABOVE 0.08, OR OF OR ABOVE 0.02 FOR PERSONS UNDER AGE TWENTY-ONE, OR WHILE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL OR OTHER SUBSTANCE WHICH IMPAIRS DRIVING ABILITY PROHIBITED; ADMISSIBILITY OF ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION TEST RESULTS; PRESUMPTIONS; PENALTIES; AGGRAVATING CIRCUMSTANCES

(1) A person shall not operate or be in physical control of a motor vehicle anywhere in this state:
 
(a) Having an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more as measured by a  scientifically reliable test or tests of a sample of the person's breath or blood taken within two (2) hours of cessation of operation or physical control of a motor vehicle;    (b) While under the influence of alcohol;
 
(c) While under the influence of any other substance or combination of substances which impairs one's driving ability;       (d) While under the combined influence of alcohol and any other substance which impairs one's driving ability; or  (e) Having an alcohol concentration of 0.02 or more as measured by a scientifically reliable test or tests of a sample of the person's breath or blood taken within two (2) hours of cessation of operation or physical control of a motor vehicle, if the person is under the age of twenty-one (21).
 

(2) With the exception of the results of the tests administered pursuant to  KRS 189A.103(7), if the sample of the person's blood or breath that is used  to determine the alcohol concentration thereof was obtained more than two (2) hours after cessation of operation or physical control of a motor vehicle, the results of the test or tests shall be inadmissible as evidence in a prosecution under subsection (1)(a) or (e) of this section. The results of the test or tests, however, may be admissible in a prosecution under subsection (1)(b) or (d) of this section. 

(3) In any prosecution for a violation of subsection (1)(b) or (d) of this section in which the defendant is charged with having operated or been in physical control of a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol, the alcohol concentration in the defendant's blood as determined at the time of making analysis of his blood or breath shall give rise to the following presumptions: 

  (a) If there was an alcohol concentration of less than 0.05 based upon the definition of alcohol concentration in KRS 189A.005, it shall be presumed that the defendant was not under the influence of alcohol; and   (b) If there was an alcohol concentration of 0.05 or greater but less than 0.08 based upon the definition of alcohol concentration in KRS 189A.005,  that fact shall not constitute a presumption that the defendant either was or was not under the influence of alcohol, but that fact may be considered, together with other competent evidence, in determining the guilt or innocence of the defendant.   The provisions of this subsection shall not be construed as limiting the introduction of any other competent evidence bearing upon the questions of whether the defendant was under the influence of alcohol or other substances, in any prosecution for a violation of subsection (1)(b) or (d) of this section. 

(4) The fact that any person charged with violation of subsection (1) of this section is legally entitled to use any substance, including alcohol, shall not constitute a defense against any charge of violation of subsection (1) of this section.

(5) Any person who violates the provisions of paragraph (a), (b), (c), or (d) of subsection (1) of this section shall:

 (a) For the first offense within a five (5) year period, be fined not less than two hundred dollars ($200) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500), or be imprisoned in the county jail for not less than forty-eight (48) hours nor more than thirty (30) days, or both. Following sentencing, the defendant may apply to the judge for permission to enter a community labor program for not less than forty-eight (48) hours nor more than thirty (30) days in lieu of fine or imprisonment, or both. If any of the aggravating circumstances listed in subsection (11) of this section are present while the person was operating or in physical control of a motor vehicle, the mandatory minimum term of imprisonment shall be four (4) days, which term shall not be suspended, probated, conditionally discharged, or subject to any other form of early release.   (b) For the second offense within a five (5) year period, be fined not less than three hundred fifty dollars ($350) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500) and shall be imprisoned in the county jail for not less than seven (7) days nor more than six (6) months and, in addition to fine and imprisonment, may be sentenced to community labor for not less than ten (10) days nor more than six (6) months. If any of the aggravating circumstances listed in subsection (11) of this section are present, the mandatory minimum term of imprisonment shall be fourteen (14) days, which term shall not be suspended, probated, conditionally discharged, or subject to any other form of early release.   (c) For a third offense within a five (5) year period, be fined not less than five hundred dollars ($500) nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000) and shall be imprisoned in the county jail for not less than thirty (30) days nor more than twelve (12) months and may, in addition to fine and imprisonment, be sentenced to community labor for not less than ten (10) days nor more than twelve (12) months. If any of the aggravating circumstances listed in subsection (11) of this section are present, the mandatory minimum term of imprisonment shall be sixty (60) days, which term shall not be suspended, probated, conditionally discharged, or subject to any other form of early release.  (d) For a fourth or subsequent offense within a five (5) year period, be guilty of a Class D felony. If any of the aggravating circumstances listed in subsection (11) of this section are present, the mandatory minimum term of imprisonment shall be two hundred forty (240) days, which term shall not be suspended, probated, conditionally discharged, or subject to any other form of release.    (e) For purposes of this subsection, prior offenses shall include all convictions in this state, and any other state or jurisdiction, for operating or being in control of a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or other substances that impair one's driving ability, or any combination of alcohol and such substances, or while having an unlawful alcohol concentration, or driving while intoxicated, but shall not include convictions for violating subsection (1)(e) of this section. A court shall receive as proof of a prior conviction a copy of that conviction, certified by the court ordering the conviction. 

(6) Any person who violates the provisions of subsection (1)(e) of this section shall have his driving privilege or operator's license suspended by the court for a period of no less than thirty (30) days but no longer than six (6) months, and the person shall be fined no less than one hundred dollars ($100) and no more than five hundred dollars ($500), or sentenced to twenty (20) hours of community service in lieu of a fine. A person subject to the penalties of this subsection shall not be subject to the penalties established in subsection (5) of this section or any other penalty established pursuant to KRS Chapter 189A, except those established in KRS 189A.040(1). 

(7) If the person is under the age of twenty-one (21) and there was an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or greater based on the definition of alcohol concentration in KRS 189A.005, the person shall be subject to the penalties established pursuant to subsection (5) of this section. 

(8) For a second or third offense within a five (5) year period, the minimum sentence of imprisonment or community labor shall not be suspended, probated, or subject to conditional discharge or other form of early release. For a fourth or subsequent offense under this section, the minimum term of imprisonment shall be one hundred twenty (120) days, and this term shall not be suspended, probated, or subject to conditional discharge or other form of early release. For a second or subsequent offense, at least forty-eight (48) hours of the mandatory sentence shall be served consecutively.

(9) When sentencing persons under subsection (5)(a) of this section, at least one (1) of the penalties shall be assessed and that penalty shall not be suspended, probated, or subject to conditional discharge or other form of early release.

 (10) In determining the five (5) year period under this section, the period shall be measured from the dates on which the offenses occurred for which the judgments of conviction were entered. 

(11) For purposes of this section, aggravating circumstances are any one (1) or more of the following:
 
(a) Operating a motor vehicle in excess of thirty (30) miles per hour above the speed limit;  (b) Operating a motor vehicle in the wrong direction on a limited access highway;  (c) Operating a motor vehicle that causes an accident resulting in death or serious physical injury as defined in
KRS 500.080;  (d) Operating a motor vehicle while the alcohol concentration in the operator's blood or breath is 0.18 or more as measured by a test or tests of a sample of the operator's blood or breath taken within two (2) hours of cessation of operation of the motor vehicle;  (e) Refusing to submit to any test or tests of one's blood, breath, or urine requested by an officer having reasonable grounds to believe the person was operating or in physical control of a motor vehicle in violation of subsection (1) of this section; and  (f) Operating a motor vehicle that is transporting a passenger under the age of twelve (12) years old.

 

Kentucky Revised Statutes:  189A.085 SURRENDER AND IMPOUNDMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLE LICENSE PLATES; HARDSHIP EXCEPTION FOR AFFECTED INDIVIDUALS OTHER THAN OFFENDER

(1) Unless the court orders installation of an ignition interlock device under  KRS 189A.340, upon the conviction of a second or subsequent offense of KRS 189A.010, a person shall have the license plate or plates on all of the motor vehicles owned by him or her, either solely or jointly, impounded by the court of competent jurisdiction in accordance with the following procedures: 

  (a) At the final sentencing hearing, the person who has been convicted of a second or subsequent offense of KRS 189A.010(1)(a), (b), (c), or (d), shall physically surrender any and all license plate or plates currently in  force on any motor vehicle owned either individually or jointly by him or her to the court. The order of the court suspending the license plate or plates shall not exceed the time for the suspension of the motor vehicle operator's license of the second or subsequent offender as specified in KRS 189A.070.  (b) The clerk of the court shall retain any surrendered plate or plates and transmit all surrendered plate or plates to the Transportation Cabinet in the manner set forth by the Transportation Cabinet in administrative regulations promulgated by the Transportation Cabinet.

(2) Upon application, the court may grant hardship exceptions to family members or other individuals affected by the surrender of any license plate or plates of any vehicle owned by the second or subsequent offender. Hardship exceptions may be granted by the court to the second or subsequent offender's family members or other affected individuals only if the family members or other affected individuals prove to the court's satisfaction that their inability to utilize the surrendered vehicles would pose an undue hardship upon the family members or affected other individuals. Upon the court's granting of hardship exceptions, the clerk or the Transportation Cabinet as appropriate, shall return to the family members or other affected individuals the license plate or plates of the vehicles of the second or subsequent offender for their utilization. The second or subsequent offender shall not be permitted to operate a vehicle for which the license plate has been suspended or for which a hardship exception has been granted under any circumstances. 

(3) If the license plate of a jointly owned vehicle is impounded, this vehicle may be transferred to a joint owner of the vehicle who was not the violator. 

(4) If the license plate of a motor vehicle is impounded, the vehicle may be transferred.

 

Kentucky Revised Statutes:  189A.200 PRETRIAL SUSPENSION OF LICENSE OF PERSON CHARGED WITH DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE FOR REFUSING TO TAKE TEST, FOR BEING A REPEAT OFFENDER, AND FOR CAUSING ACCIDENT RESULTING IN DEATH OR SERIOUS PHYSICAL INJURY TO ANOTHER PERSON FOR BEING A REPEAT OFFENDER; HEARING; LENGTH OF SUSPENSION

(1) The court shall at the arraignment or as soon as such relevant information becomes available suspend the motor vehicle operator's license and motorcycle operator's license and driving privileges of any person charged with a violation of KRS 189A.010(1) who:

  (a) Has refused to take an alcohol concentration or substance test as reflected on the uniform citation form;  (b) Has been convicted of one (1) or more prior offenses as described in  KRS 189A.010(5)(e) or has had his operator's license revoked or suspended on one (1) or more occasions for refusing to take an alcohol concentration or substance test, in the five (5) year period immediately preceding his arrest; or  (c) Was involved in an accident that resulted in death or serious physical injury as defined in KRS 500.080 to a person other than the defendant.

 (2) Persons whose licenses have been suspended pursuant to this section may file a motion for judicial review of the suspension, and the court shall conduct the review in accordance with this chapter within thirty (30) days after the filing of the motion. The court shall, at the time of the suspension, advise the defendant of his rights to the review. 

(3) When the court orders the suspension of a license pursuant to this section, the defendant shall immediately surrender the license to the Circuit Court Clerk, and the court shall retain the defendant in court or remand him into the custody of the sheriff until the license is produced and surrendered. If  the defendant has lost his operator's license, other than due to a previous suspension or revocation, which is still in effect, the sheriff shall take him to the office of the circuit clerk so that a new license can be issued. If the license is currently under suspension or revocation, the provisions of this subsection shall not apply. 

(4) The Circuit Court Clerk shall forthwith transmit to the Transportation Cabinet any license surrendered to him pursuant to this section.

(5) Licenses suspended under this section shall remain suspended until a judgment of conviction or acquittal is entered in the case or until the court enters an order terminating the suspension, but in no event for a period longer than the maximum license suspension period applicable to the person under KRS 189A.070 and 189A.107. 

(6) Any person whose operator's license has been suspended pursuant to this section shall be given credit for all pretrial suspension time against the period of revocation imposed. Licenses suspended under this section shall remain suspended until a judgment of conviction or acquittal is entered in the case or until the court enters an order terminating the suspension, but in no event for a period longer than the maximum license suspension period applicable to the person under KRS 189A.070 and 189A.107.

 
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